Untreated, sleep apnoea can have serious consequences, including high blood pressure (hypertension)1, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and strokes, diabetes, brain damage and depression. Research has shown that a person deprived of sleep due to this condition can have impaired judgment and responses, resulting in accidents while driving or operating machinery2,3. The sleep quality of partners may also be affected. Typical symptoms include:
Wake from sleep with a choking sound or gasping for breath
Agitated, non-restful sleep
Daytime sleepiness, including a tendency to fall asleep at inappropriate times
Difficulty concentrating and loss of memory
Frequent need to urinate during the night (nocturia)
Being overweight (obesity) very often contributes to the development of these symptoms.
1 J.P Laaban, Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France. Le syndrome d’apnée du sommeil: un nouveau facteur de risque cardio-vasculaire?
2 Fidan F, Unlü M, Sezer M, Kara Z. Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon, Turkey. firstname.lastname@example.org. Relation between traffic accidents and sleep apnoea syndrome in truck drivers.
3 Vennelle M, Engleman HM, Douglas NJ. Department of Sleep Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK, email@example.com. Sleepiness and sleep-related accidents in commercial bus drivers.